The Factor Theorem

6 = 3 × 2

6÷2 => remainder = 0

6÷3 => remainder = 0

အၾကြင္း 0 ရေအာင္စားႏိုင္ေသာ စားကိန္းကို တည္ကိန္း၏ factor ဟုေခၚသည္။


The Factor Theorem:

Let f(x) be a polynomial. Then (x-k) is a factor of f(x) if and only if f(k) = 0.

Example 1

Find what value p must have in order that x - p may be a factor of
4x3 - (3p + 2)x2 - (p2 - 1)x + 3.

Let f(x) = 4x3 - (3p + 2)x2 - (p2 - 1)x + 3.
x - p is a factor of f(x) only if
f(p) = 0
4p3 - (3p + 2)p2 - (p2 - 1)p + 3 = 0
2p2 - p - 3 = 0
(p + 1) (2p - 3) = 0
p = -1 or p = 3/2